Bed Bugs


Bed Bugs (Cimicidae)

Unwelcome Guests

Bed bugs are parasites that preferentially feed on humans. They are a persistent pest and have developed a number of highly evolved abilities to remain close to humans.

Bedbugs were common in the UK prior to World War II, after which widespread use of synthetic insecticides greatly reduced their numbers.  At one stage in the 1930's 25% of all homes in the UK were infested.

In the past decade, bedbugs have begun making a comeback across the world. Although they are not considered to be a major pest or health hazard they are highly unpleasant to live with and can cause a severe lack of sleep. International travel and commerce are thought to facilitate the spread because eggs, young, and adult bed bugs are all readily transported in luggage, clothing, bedding, and furniture. Bedbugs can infest aircraft, ships, trains, and buses as well as offices and public places.

Bedbugs are most frequently found in dwellings with a high rate of occupant turnover, such as hotels, motels, hostels, dormitories, shelters, apartment complexes, tenements, and prisons. Such infestations are not usually a reflection of poor hygiene or bad housekeeping but that a previous occupant had come into contact with them at some stage.

Bed Bugs

Early detection

Early detection ensures that you are able to identify the problem and start dealing with it before it spreads out of control.  Inspection efforts should concentrate on the mattress, box springs, and bed frame, as well as cracks and crevices that the bed bugs may hide in during the day.

A bed bug infestation can be recognized by rusty (sometimes dark) spots of excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls.

Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, oval-shaped, flattened, and about 5mm to 7mm long. Their flat shape enables them to readily hide in cracks and crevices. Faecal spots and shed skins may be found in the vicinity of their hiding places.

Monitoring traps which are inexpensive can also be used for easy detection and help ensure that the issue is identified quickly and resolved with minimal disruption

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Sleep tight don’t let the bed bugs bite!

Early detection and identification of the source are the most important issues in successfully controlling and eradicating bedbugs.

What you can do to help

  • Be vigilant when travelling and check the mattress in hotel rooms. Decide on the overall hygene of the premises.
  • On return wash everything and check the luggage for signs of hitchhikers.
  • Check second-hand furniture, beds, sofas and books etc... for any bedbugs or red/rusty brown spot stains before bringing them home.
  • Use a protective cover that encases mattresses to eliminate hiding spots. The light colour of the cover makes bed bugs easier to see and the seam of the mattress will be inaccessible to hide in.
  • Reduce clutter in your home to reduce hiding places for bed bugs.
  • Vacuum frequently in all cracks and crevices.

Bed Bug